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Decision Support Systems Time Line

by Dan Power
www.zjghaoli.cn

Year

Major Milestones

1945

V. Bush proposed Memex

1947

H. Simon's book Administrative Behavior

1952

Dantzig joined RAND and continued research on linear programming

1953

Johnniac computer became operational at RAND, one of the first online time-sharing systems.

1955

Semiautomatic Ground Environment (SAGE) system at M.I.T. Lincoln Lab uses first light pen

1956

Forrester started System Dynamics Group at the M.I.T. Sloan School

1958

SAGE system initial site goes online, completed in 1962 -- First data-driven Decision Support System

1960

Simon book The New Science of Management Decision; McCarthy developed Lisp AI language; Licklider article on ?Man-Computer Symbiosis?

1961

Bachman at General Electric develops first database management system, IDS. SAGE system completed.

1962

Licklider architect of Project MAC program at M.I.T.; Iverson?s book A Programming Language(APL); Engelbart's paper "Augmenting Human Intellect: A Conceptual? Framework"

1963

Englebart established Augmentation Research Center at SRI

1964

IBM launched System/360 on April 7, 1964; IBM 7094 II Data Processing System for scientific computing; DEC shipped the PDP-8

1965

Stanford team led by Feigenbaum created DENDRAL? expert system; Anthony?s book on Planning and Control Systems; Problem Statement Language/Problem Statement Analyzer (PSL/PSA) developed at Case Institute of Technology; Licklider article "The Computer as a Communication Device?

1966

UNIVAC 494 introduced; Tymshare founded, selling computer time-sharing; Raymond article computer time-sharing for business planning and budgeting

1967

Scott Morton?s dissertation completed on impact of computer-driven visual display devices on management decision-making process; Turban reports national survey on use of mathematical models in plant maintenance decision making

1968

Scott Morton and McCosh article; Scott Morton and Stephens article; First Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS); Englebart demonstrated hypermedia?groupware system NLS (oNLine System) at Fall Joint Computer Conference in San Francisco; SPSS developed at Stanford by Nie, Hull and Bent

1969

Codd research report on relational databases for IBM; Kay developed Graphical User Interface (GUI) at Xerox; Thompson and Ritchie created Unix; Ferguson and Jones article on lab study of a production scheduling computer-aided decision system running on an IBM 7094; Little and Lodish MEDIAC, media planning model; Urban new product model-based system called SPRINTER

1970

Little article on decision calculus support system; Joyner and Tunstall article on Conference Coordinator computer software; Established ARPANET with four nodes; U.S. Patent # 3,541,541 issued to Englebart for X-Y Position Indicator for a Display System (a mouse); IRI Express, a multidimensional analytic tool for time-sharing systems, becomes available; Xerox established Palo Alto Research Center (PARC); Emshoff book on computer simulation models

1971

Gorry and Scott Morton SMR article first published use of term Decision Support System; Scott Morton book Management Decision Systems; Gerrity article Man-Machine decision systems; Klein and Tixier article on SCARABEE

1972

First Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) system from SAP; Alto mini-computer at Xerox PARC was operational with bitmapped graphic display and a mouse.

1973

Cerf developed? Internet and Transmission Control Protocols (TCP/IP); Computer-based Education Research Laboratory (CERL) at the University of Illinois released PLATO Notes

1974

Davis?s book Management Information Systems; Meador and Ness article DSS application to corporate planning; MITS completes the first prototype Altair 8800 microcomputer

1975

Alter completed M.I.T. Ph.D. dissertation "A Study of Computer Aided Decision Making in Organizations"; Keen SMR article on evaluating computer-based decision aids; Boulden book on computer-assisted planning systems

1976

Sprague and Watson article "A Decision Support System for Banks"; Grace paper on Geodata Analysis and Display System; SAS Institute founded

1977

Alter article "A Taxonomy of Decision Support Systems", Klein article on Finsim; Apple Computer delivers first Apple ][ system; Carlson and Scott Morton chair ACM SIGBDP DSS Conference

1978

Development began on Management Information and Decision Support (MIDS) at Lockheed-Georgia; Keen and Scott Morton book; McCosh and Scott Morton book; Holsapple dissertation completed; Wagner founded Execucom to market IFPS; Bricklin and Frankston created Visicalc (Visible Calculator) microcomputer spreadsheet; Carlson from IBM, San Jose plenary speaker at HICSS-11; Swanson? and Culnan article document-based systems for management planning

1979

Rockart HBR article on CEO data needs

1980

Sprague article on DSS Framework; Alter book; Hackathorn founded MicroDecisionware

1981

First International Conference on Decision Support Systems, Atlanta, Georgia; Microsoft Disk Operating System (MS-DOS); Bonczek, Holsapple, and Whinston book; release of IBM SQL/DS for VSE; Xerox introduced the 8010 "Star" Information System; Gray paper on SMU decision rooms and GDSS; August 12 1981, IBM executives announce the IBM Personal Computer

1982

Computer named the ?Man? of the Year by Time Magazine; Rockart and Treacy article ?The CEO Goes On-Line? HBR; Sprague and Carlson book; Metaphor Computer Systems founded by Kimball and others from Xerox PARC; ESRI launched its first commercial GIS software called ARC/INFO; IFIP Working Group 8.3 on Decision Support Systems established, Methlie Chair, Sprague Vice Chair

1983

Inmon Computerworld article on relational DBMS; IBM DB2 Decision Support database released; UNIX System V released; Novell introduced NetWare, the first LAN software based on file-server technology; Student Guide to IFPS by Gray; Huntington established Exsys; Expert Choice software released

1984

PLEXSYS and SAMM GDSS; first Teradata computer with relational database management system shipped to customers Wells Fargo and AT&T

1985

Procter & Gamble use first data mart from Metaphor to analyze data from checkout-counter scanners; Whinston founded Decision Support Systems journal

1986

Kimball founded Red Brick Systems

1987

Houdeshel and Watson article on MIDS; DeSanctis and Gallupe article on GDSS; Frontline Systems founded by Fylstra, marketed solver add-in for Excel

1988

Kentucky Initiative for Knowledge Management by Holsapple; Devlin and Murphy article; Turban DSS textbook; Pilot Software EIS deployed at Analog Devices

1989

Gartner analyst Dresner coins term business intelligence; release of Lotus Notes; GRiDPad first "modern" tablet computer; International Society for Decision Support Systems (ISDSS) founded by Holsapple and Whinston; MicroStrategy founded; NEC UltraLite with LCD flat-panel screen introduced

1990

Business Objects founded; Microsoft ships Windows 3.0, IBM ships RS6000 workstation; Inmon book Using Oracle to Build Decision Support Systems; Eom and Lee co-citation analysis of DSS research 1971?1988

1991

Inmon books Building the Data Warehouse and Database Machines and Decision Support Systems; Berners-Lee?s World Wide Web server and browser, become publicly available

1992

IBM ThinkPad notebook computer introduced

1993

Codd paper defines online analytical processing (OLAP); first Personal Digital Assistants, Apple Newton, Zoomer from Casio/Tandy; NCSA Mosaic version 1

1994

Netscape browser; HTML 2.0 with form tags and tables; Pendse?s OLAP Report project began

1995

Window 95 and Internet Explorer; IBM Chairman Gerstner speech at COMDEX on network-centric computing; Sun introduces Java; The Data Warehousing Institute (TDWI) established; ISDSS 1995 in Hong Kong; DSS journal issue on Next Generation of Decision Support; Crossland, Wynne, and Perkins article on Spatial DSS; ISWorld DSS Research pages; DSS Research Resources started

1996

IFIP Working Group 8.3 Conference on ?Implementing Systems for Supporting Management Decisions?; InterNeg negotiation software renamed Inspire; Palm Pilot introduced; OLAPReport.com established; A Brief History of DSS web page

1997

Wal-Mart and Teradata created then world?s largest production data warehouse at 24 Terabytes (TB)

1998

DOLAP, ACM First International Workshop on Data Warehousing and OLAP; KPMG Peat Marwick knowledge management initiative KWorld; W3C Recommendation: Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0

1999

www.zjghaoli.cn domain name established

2000

AMCIS minitrack on Model-Driven and Web-Based DSS; IFIP WG 8.3 Working Conference on Decision Support through Knowledge Management; Palm and Epocrates deliver mobile decision support solution for healthcare professionals

2001

AIS SIG DSS founded

2002

Tablet PC with Microsoft operating system

2003

International Society for Decision Support Systems (ISDSS) merged with AIS SIG DSS

Copyright ? 2007 by D. J. Power

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